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Civil Services

Introduction

People build their careers in civil services to participate in governance and policy decision-making for the country. It is a prestigious opportunity as power is attached to the services. One has to travel the lengths and breadths of the country meeting different people to listen to their problems and resolve those problems. This field has immense opportunities to fulfill the desire for social service to people in need and serve your country. Entry to these fields is not easy as it is based on one of the toughest exams conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

 

Some Important Aspects: 

Prelims exam Paper -1 & Paper 2 

  • General Knowledge

  • Vocabulary

  • Social Studies, Science, Indian politics & constitution, logical reasoning, mathematical aptitude.

 

Mains There are 8 papers:

 

Interview/ Personality Test

Work Roles

  • Is responsible for the law and order and general administration of the area 

  • Implement the defined policy by advising and supporting government officials 

  • Look after the daily affairs of the government

  • Monitor and checks the proper enforcement of rules and policies

  • Included in the process of final policy formulation and decision making 

  • Manage inquiries and queries from the public by use of electronic & social media

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Advantages

If you have a desire to make significant changes in society then this is the profession you must opt for. Along with enjoying the most highly respectable job, one can also enjoy a lot of perks one receives for being a part of service even though one gets retired. Power, Money, and high status give a sense of satisfaction for contributing to society.

Career Opportunities

  • Indian Administrative Service

  • Indian Police Service

  • Indian Foreign Service

  • Indian P & T Accounts & Finance Services

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Services

  • Indian Revenue Services (Customs and Central Excise)

  • Indian Defence Accounts Services

  • Indian Revenue Service (I.T.)

  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (Assistant Works Manager, Administration)

  • Indian Postal Service

  • Indian Civil Accounts Service

  • Indian Railway Traffic Service

  • Indian Railway Accounts Service

  • Indian Railway Personnel Service

  • Post of Assistant Security Commissioner in Railway Protection Force

  • Indian Defence Estates Service

  • Indian Information Service (Junior Grade)

  • Indian Trade Service, Group 'A' (Gr. III)

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Section Officer's Grade)

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Civil Service

  • Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman & Diu and Dadra & Nagar Haveli Police Service

  • Pondicherry Civil Service

  • Pondicherry Police Service

Important

  • Graduation is necessary and minimum age of 21 is the eligibility criteria.

  • After graduation, students take time to prepare for the UPSC examination independently or through coaching centers.

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Disadvantages

One has to work with substantial people hence there is a lot of pressure. Furthermore, it is a transferable that disturbs your personal life and in many cases you have to stay away from your family thus your personal life may suffer.

Career Paths

Class XII with Any Stream

Any graduation program

Clear UPSC Examination

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Income Tax 

Introduction

A career with the Income Tax Department (Government of India) offers an opportunity to work with the government revenue generation setup. To succeed in this department one should know how to knack for people as well as for numbers. The various services in the department that contribute to the nation's development provide a wonderful opportunity for a stable career.

Work Roles

  • Handle the accounts and records of tax from different departments

  • Monitors frauds and illegal activities by sending notices and conducting periodic checks.

  • Help people in tax related inquiries and queries

  • By researching court information, they investigate claims of inability to pay taxes by checking the status of liens, mortgages, or financial statements, or by locating assets through third parties

  • They determine the resolution of delinquent tax problems by evaluating  and analyzing tax assets and liabilities

  • Work together with companies, lawyers, colleagues, and accountants

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Advantages

  • There is a relief of job security and a stable income.

  • One can enjoy pension, medical, and other benefits.

  • The workload is comparatively less.

Career Opportunities

  • Prosecutor

  • Tax Assistant

  • Inspector

  • Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax

Important

  • A candidate graduating from any stream can apply for this. 

  • The Income Tax department conducts a separate selection test which includes number and various Taxation laws and policies.

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Disadvantages

  • Transfer rate is high.

  • The department is technologically backward.

  • Irregular working hours with uncertain duration.

Career Paths

Class XII with Any Stream

Graduation in any stream

Income Tax Department Test

Class XII with Any Stream

Graduation in any stream 

Civil services examination

Railways

Introduction

Indian railways always provide a huge platform for people to in providing and availing opportunities. With 9 major zones coming under the governance of the Railway Board, Ministry of Railways, Indian railways are able to let their employees have a good working life. It provides its employees a fixed salary and a pension after retirement as well as other perquisites such as free train passes for them and their families, every railways guesthouse in the country welcomes them at lower prices, and health and education facilities for both individuals and families.Career Opportunities in Railways

Work Roles

  • Apart from tracking the trains regularly, their work involves maintenance of trains which includes mechanical working and sanitation of the compartments.

  • Guiding the dispatchers as well as cargo teams along with the traffic control.

  • Ensure a convenient journey for the passengers who are traveling and their safety also.

  • Maintain efficiency and effectiveness by proper technique and equipment in the department.

  • Analysis and keep track of speed, battery usage, and other instruments for the purpose of a smooth ride.

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Advantages

  • Timings of optometrists are fixed and enough do not require overtime.

  • There is no requirement of preparing any kind of detailed report of your tasks which makes the job easy.

Career Opportunities

  • Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)

  • Engineering Sector

  • Revenue Sector

  • Station Master

  • Others

Important

  • Age restriction for technical roles in railways.

  • Age Relaxation for following categories - 

  • For SC/ ST candidates

  • For OBC candidates

  • For PWD candidates

  • For Ex- Servicemen

  • For candidates with a domicile of Jammu & Kashmir (between 1980 to 1989 only)

  • Candidates can look for information regarding the vacancies at various levels on the website of the Centre for Railway Information Systems (CRIS).

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Disadvantages

  • Work can be monotonous sometimes.

  • The career does not provide good growth opportunities for professionals.

Career Paths

Class XII with PCM

Graduation in any science domain

Appear for any Special Class Railway Apprentices' Examination or Civil Services Examination

XII with Science stream

B.Tech

Appear for Combined Engineering Services Examination (CES)

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